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What temperature should an Ooni pizza oven be?

By Robert Parsons March 17th, 2023

Cranking up the temperature on your Ooni pizza oven can seem like a daunting task if you’re unsure of what temperatures are ideal for different types of pizzas and dishes.

To help demystify this process, let me share with you my knowledge of the best temperatures for creating delicious pizzas in your Ooni pizza oven. Explore why it matters to pay attention to the right heat settings, learn how to get accurate readings from your oven thermometer, and discover tips and tricks I’ve picked up while experimenting in my own kitchen.

Let’s dive into all things temperature.

What optimal temperature should an Ooni pizza oven be?

what temperature should ooni pizza oven be

The optimal temperature for cooking a perfect pizza in an Ooni oven is 950°F (500°C). And I can confidently say this as a proud owner of the Ooni Koda myself.

This may seem incredibly hot, but it’s actually the secret to creating a delicious, crispy crust with a chewy, fluffy interior – just like the ones you’d find in a traditional Neapolitan pizzeria!

Ooni offers a variety of models, such as the Ooni Koda 16, Ooni Fyra 12, Ooni Karu 16, and Ooni Karu 12, all of which can reach the high heat of 950°F (500°C) (source). This impressive power is due in part to their gas, wood, or charcoal-fueled designs, which generate intense heat to cook a pizza evenly and quickly.

Why is this ultra-high temperature necessary?

Well, the secret lies in the way it cooks the crust. At such high heat, the crust undergoes what’s known as the Maillard reaction, which is a chemical reaction between amino acids and reducing sugars that produces a distinctive brown colour and appetizing aroma. This is precisely what creates that mouth-watering, crispy crust we all love!

Additionally, the high temperature ensures that the dough doesn’t dry out. Instead, the trapped steam inside the dough rapidly expands, causing the crust to puff up into that perfect, airy texture.

Simultaneously, the cheese and toppings cook quickly without losing their essential flavours, resulting in a harmonious blend of taste and texture.

Can you bake pizzas in an Ooni oven if the temperature is below optimal?

Yes, I can assure you that it is indeed possible to bake pizzas at lower temperatures in an Ooni oven. However, the cooking process would take a bit longer, and the end results might differ in terms of texture and appearance.

A temperature of around 750°F (400°C) should still work reasonably well but requires a longer cooking time of around 2-3 minutes, and the crust might not be as crispy.

But, be warned: there’s a lower limit below which even the versatile Ooni oven can’t salvage your pizza-making adventure. Once the oven’s temperature drops below 572°F (300°C), the chances of baking a decent pizza become too slim (source). At this temperature threshold, you may find yourself grappling with undercooked dough, unevenly melted cheese, and partially cooked toppings.

What should you do to keep the optimal temperature range of your Ooni pizza oven?

First, understand that the Ooni pizza oven works best at a temperature range of 750-950°F (400-500°C), so this is the sweet spot we want to maintain for perfectly cooked pizzas. Depending on the specific model, there may be modifications and temperature control knobs that can help you achieve a more accurate setting.

To start, make sure you properly preheat your pizza oven. It’s crucial to give it enough time to reach the optimal temperature range. In my experience, I have found that preheating the oven for about 15-20 minutes before adding the pizza works best. This ensures the oven’s internal heat is evenly distributed, giving me consistent cooking results.

Now, let’s talk about fuel. Depending on your Ooni model, it could be gas-powered or fueled by wood pellets or charcoal. It’s important to know the characteristics of the fuel and how it affects the temperature. For instance, wood pellets and charcoal tend to produce hotter temperatures but require more attention for consistent heat management, while gas offers easier temperature control with the turn of a knob.

For wood or charcoal-powered ovens, replenish the fuel as needed and distribute it evenly to maintain a steady flame. Keep an eye on your fire, ensuring it doesn’t get too small or too big during the cooking process. Don’t be afraid to use a temperature gun to help you gauge the oven’s internal temperature.

To help maintain optimal temperatures throughout the cooking process, it’s also essential to rotate the pizza. Due to differing heat zones inside the oven, periodic rotations will ensure even cooking on all sides. I typically rotate my pizzas every 30-45 seconds to prevent burning or undercooked areas.

Moreover, mastering the art of properly launching and retrieving your pizza can help maintain the oven’s temperature. Quickly placing and removing the pizza, without leaving the door open longer than necessary, will minimize heat loss. I’ve also found it useful to practice with a cold oven, so I’m more efficient when it’s hot and ready.

Lastly, be aware of external factors such as ambient temperatures and wind, which may affect your Ooni oven’s performance. On colder days, it may require extra fuel or preheating time to reach the desired temperature range. Using wind guards or shields, especially with gas-powered models, can help maintain stable cooking conditions.


So, to sum up, the ideal temperature for an Ooni pizza oven is 950°F (500°C). This incredible heat not only guarantees a beautifully cooked pizza every time, but it also lets you recreate those authentic Italian flavours right in your own backyard. And since Ooni ovens heat up so fast, you’ll be able to enjoy a mouth-watering slice in mere minutes.